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통계청

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Field Survey

Economic Statistics

The Census on Establishments

Overview
Survey Objectives

Identifying the size and regional distribution of establishments across the nation to inform the formation and evaluation of policies, to provide basic data for business planning and academic research, to provide listings for a statistical population of other surveys targeting establishments, etc.

Survey Targets

All the establishments across the nation

Survey Period

For 25 days, between the months of February and March

Survey Items

Establishment name, date of foundation, location, business registration number, organizational type, type of business, number of employees, annual sales, any associations with a franchise business

COVID-19 Responses
Postponement of Survey

Rescheduled the survey period in response to the spread of COVID-19

※ (original) Feb.2.-Mar.9. » (initial postponement) Mar.2.-Mar.27. » (second postponement) Jun.4.-Jun.29.

Survey Methods

Conducting face-to-face interviews for about 4.82 million establishments across the nation >> Allowing for the change of the survey method, such as switching to a telephone survey, in case of a refusal or non-response

Training for Interviewers

Classroom-based training for about 10 thousand survey interviewers >> Producing and distributing video materials for cyber training which can replace classroom-setting training

Safety Control

Allocating budgets for the procurement of hand sanitizers and face masks, which are to be used for the safety of survey interviewers, to all local municipalities

External Communication

Distributing press releases incl. one on the ‘Survey Postponement of the 2020 Census on Establishments’ through which cooperation for the survey has been propagated

The Combined Surveys of Economic Statistics

Overview
Survey Structure

Conducting 7 different series of annual surveys in 1 interview visit to an establishment (one stop survey), by combining them into the same survey period

Survey Objectives
  • Survey of Business Activities: To provide basic data required for the formation of economic policies, the analyses and studies in business administration and industrial structures, etc. by obtaining a comprehensive understanding of various aspects of business activities, incl. business performance, diversification, conglomeration, and performance management
  • Service Industry Survey: To provide basic data required for the formation of various policies and for research and analyses in related fields by obtaining a comprehensive understanding of industry structure, status of businesses in the service industry sector
  • Transportation Industry Survey: To provide basic data required for the formation of economic policies by obtaining a comprehensive understanding of the industry structure, geological distribution, status of businesses, etc. in the transportation and logistics industry sector
  • Mining and Manufacturing Survey: To provide basic data required for the formation of various policies and for research and analyses in related fields by obtaining a comprehensive understanding of the industry structure, geological distribution, status of businesses in the mining and manufacturing industry sector
  • Survey of Franchise Businesses: To provide basic data required for the policy formation in related fields by measuring the market size, business activities, etc. in the franchise business sector
  • Survey of Small Enterprises: To provide basic data required for the formation of policies tailored to small enterprises by identifying the structure, distribution, and other aspects of small enterprise businesses
  • Enterprise Structure Survey for Corporates: To improve the accuracy of the business register, on which a population for economic statistics is based, and to ensure the effectiveness of the Economic Censuses by identifying the affiliations, business performances, etc. of corporate enterprises having multiple establishments
Survey Period

Between June and July, annually

Survey Targets

Around 378 thousand establishments

  • Mining and Manufacturing Survey: Mining and manufacturing establishments with at least 10 employees
  • Service, Transportation Industry Survey: Selected sample establishments in each industry
  • Survey of Business Activities: Incorporated companies with at least 50 regular employees and 300 million KRW or more of capital stock
  • Survey of Franchise Businesses: Selected sample establishments that are franchises (excl. educational service franchises)
  • Survey of Small Enterprises: Selected sample establishments with less than 10 regular workforces in manufacturing and construction industries, and those with less than 5 regular workforces in other industries
  • Enterprise Structure Survey for Corporates: Enterprises reportedly having 4 or more affiliated establishments in the statistical business register
Survey Items

Establishment name, business performance, and other items relative to each survey

COVID-19 Responses
Survey Schedule

(Original) Jun.2.-Jul.31. » (revised schedule) Jul.6.-Aug.14.

※ Postponement of the combined surveys in line with the rescheduling of the 2020 Census of Establishments

Training for Interviewers

Producing video materials. Using both classroom-based and online-based training concurrently, or online-only training depending on the development of the situation

Prevention of Infection

Adhering to disinfection guidelines incl. the equipping of survey interviewers with hand sanitizers and face masks

Survey Methods

Implementing internet survey systems, promoting participation through internet survey, and planning for the concurrent use of non-face-to-face survey modes in preparation for potential preclusion of face-to-face interviews

Consumer Price Survey

Overview
Survey Objectives

Compiling price indices by measuring the price of goods and services whose results provide basic data underpinning the fiscal and financial policies of the government. In addition, the resulting prices are used as a deflator of major economic indicators, such as a the Household Economic Index and National Income Accounts

Target Products and Services

Manufactured goods, services, agricultural and marine products, oils

Survey Items
  • Actual market price at transaction for about 1,000 predefined products (specifications) and 460 predefined product categories
  • Housing rent price (types of rent arrangements, rent prices, housing characteristics, etc.)
Survey Period
  • For agricultural and marine products: three days: one in the beginning, middle, and end of every month respectively
  • For manufactured goods: on the third day of each month
  • For services: on the second day of each month
COVID-19 Responses
  • Despite its principal mode of survey, which is a face-to-face interview, the survey will use a non-face-to-face mode incl. telephone and fax in order to minimize in-person contacts, if such changeover is possible
  • If a sample unit is closed, the enumerator retakes the survey when the sample unit reopens its business within 2 days after the end of the survey. If the temporary shutdown of the business persists, a substitution of the sample unit or data imputation shall be considered.

Monthly Industrial Statistics Survey

Overview
Survey Objectives

Publishing all-embracing sectoral statistics in production〮consumption〮investment〮economic cycle to provide timely understanding of the real-sector economy in the form of its monthly trends

Associated Surveys and Statistics
  • Production Trends: index of all industry production (excl. agriculture, forestry and fisheries), indexes of production and shipment in mining and manufacturing, index of inventories in manufacturing, production capacities and utilization indexes in manufacturing, service industry production index, wholesale and retail industry inventories value index
  • Consumption Trends: retail sales index
  • Investment Trends: index of equipment investment, the value of machinery orders received, the value of construction orders received and completed
  • Economic Cycle: the coincident and leading composite indexes, the index of production expansion in mining & manufacturing and service industries
COVID-19 Responses

The survey has shown that a lower level of dependency of the face-to-face interviews (19.1%), and the use of non-face-to-face modes (including CASI) by sizable establishments, has been a common practice (the impact of the inoperability of face-to-face interviews is not significant to the accuracy of statistics

Social Statistics

Economically Active Population Survey

Overview
Survey Objectives

To provide basic data for macro-economic analyses and the formation of policies for human resources development by demonstrating the characteristics of economic activities of the citizens (employment, unemployment, labor forces, etc.)

Survey Targets

Household members aged 15 or older in the 35 thousand selected sample households

Survey Items

48 survey items related to employed people, unemployed people, and the economically inactive population

Survey Period

For the week of every month which includes the 15th

※ If the week in question has a long holiday of 3 days or more, the survey takes place the week prior

COVID-19 Responses

The Economically Active Population Survey is a designated statistic (Article 7 of the Statistics Act), which is mandated to be produced despite an emergent situation, COVID-19 included. In order to enhance the flexibility of its field survey operation, surveys can be conducted in the modes that are preferred by their respondents (interview visit, telephone, etc.)

Local Area Labor Force Survey

Overview
Survey Objectives

To produce and provide the detailed information of employment situations in si·gun·gu (cities, counties, and districts), which is required for the formation of regional employment policies

Survey Targets

Permanent members of 234 thousand selected sample households who are aged 15 years old or older

Survey Period

For the week that includes the 15th in both April and October of each year

Survey Items

Items relevant to a job (industry, occupational group, etc.), job seeking activities, jobs in the past, etc.

COVID-19 Responses
Training for Interviewers

Replacing its conventional classroom-based training program for around 3 thousand interviewers of Statistics Korea, which is normally conducted in separate branch offices, with a non-classroom setting program, incl. the use of training videos

Survey Methods

Changing over from the previously dominant method of using a face-to-face survey into a non-face-to-face survey, incl. telephone and internet*. Extending the survey period from 16 days to 20 days.

※ Offering a mobile voucher as an incentive for motivating internet participation

Survey Promotion

Advertising the survey promotional video via onboard screens of KTX trains

Others
  • Adding a 080 call center (5 representatives) to provide information for survey participants and to respond to other inquiries and complaints
  • Specially preparing and distributing the ‘instructions for participating households answering the questionnaire’ for the purpose of reducing non-sample errors of participating households

Survey of Household Finance and Living Conditions

COVID-19 Responses for the Survey of Household Finances and Living Conditions 다운로드
Overview
Survey Objectives

To provide useful information for social and financial policies and research by identifying the financial soundness of the nation’s micro-economy as well as the size, composition, distribution of assets, liabilities, incomes, etc. of households

Survey Targets

Ordinary households across the nation with one or more members

Survey Items

185 items incl. the household members, management of financial and other assets, indebtedness and loan repayment abilities, incomes and expenditures, living conditions for seniors, etc.

Survey Period

Annually on Mar.31. through Apr.17.

COVID-19 Responses
Training for Interviewers

Switched from large-group classroom-based training to small-group classroom training with exceptions in high-risk areas, where training was conducted virtually using videos

Survey Methods

The survey modes that were preferred* by each sample households were used, instead of adhering to the principle of using a non-face-to-face interview as the primary mode. The use of face masks and hand sanitizers was ordered for making necessary interview visits

* interview, self-administration, internet, or telephone survey

  • In high-risk areas, only the non-face-to-face modes (self-administered, internet, telephone) were used
Outcome

The survey was finished at the end of April and its response rate of 87% was almost identical to the rate of last year

Household Income and Expenditure Survey

Overview
Survey Objectives

To provide basic data for measuring and analyzing the changes in the national level of incomes and consumption by representing the actual earnings and expenses in household economy

Survey Targets

7,200 households per month

Survey Period

From the first day to the last day of a reference month

Survey Items and Methods
  • Information on Households (via interview visits): place of residence, whether or not one owns a car, items related to housing, etc.
  • incomes·expenditures (via diary keeping): all daily itemized incomes and expenditures of the target households
COVID-19 Responses
  • Conducting a survey is a critical contributor for the timely production of the quarterly statistics on household income and expenditures
  • The interview visits and face-to-face interviews are inevitable instruments for managing sample households, incl. address canvasing, verification of household information, eliciting participation from new sample households, etc.,
  • The contingency response guidelines for field surveys were provided for the survey interviewers to prepare them for necessary interview visits and face-to-face interviews
  • Certain face-to-face tasks, incl. giving instructions for the diary keeping, are switched into a non-face-to-face mode. Sample households are encouraged to use an electronic (PC, mobile) diary.
  • Monthly schedules are flexibly adjusted in response to the development of the situation for the field survey environment

Social Survey

Overview
Survey Objectives

To provide basic data required for the formation of related policies and research by identifying the details of social interests and subjective perception in relation to people’s quality of life

Survey Targets

Permanent members of 18,576 target households who are aged 13 years old or older

Survey Period

For 16 days, annually, starting on the Wednesday of the week of May 15th (in 2020: May 13-28)

Survey Items and Methods

Consisting of essential items (gender, age, educational attainment, etc.) and sectoral items across 10 sectors. The survey covers essential items each year, with two sets of annually alternating sectoral items

* Even-number years: health, education and training, crime and safety, family, living environment sectors

* Odd-number years: welfare, social participation, culture and leisure, income and consumption, labor sectors

COVID-19 Responses
Training for Interviewers

Large-group classroom-based training at the regional level >> Small-group classroom training at the local (branch office) level to mitigate density, which utilizes video materials to ensure standardized training across all branch offices

  • Promoting the non-face-to-face surveys* (self-administered, internet) in order to minimize the face-to-face interview

    * Participation in the self-administered survey: 56.9% in 2019 ≫ 70.0% (target rate) in 2020

  • printing and distributing the special ‘instructions for answering the questionnaire’ for key survey items, presenting online instructions of each internet survey item through the internet survey website, and utilizing the latter to promote non-face-to-face surveys
  • Increasing the sample size from a range between 16 to 20 target households in 2019 to a range between 18 to 23 target households in 2020

Survey on Immigrants’ Living Conditions and Labor Force

Overview
Survey Objectives

To provide basic data required for the formation of immigrant-related policies, incl. those for social integration and the overseeing of short-term stays, by identifying the status of immigrants and naturalized citizens

Survey Targets

25 thousand foreigners and recently (within 5 years) naturalized citizens who are aged 15 years or older

Survey Period

Between the end of May and early June (in 2020: on Tuesday, May 19 through Tuesday, June 2)

Survey Items

Consisting of common items for all participants and categorical items for different categories of immigrants/foreigners

  • Common items : annual items (basic info., employment, types of stay, etc.) and alternating biennial items (life in Korea, language skills in Korean, etc.
  • Categorical items : triennially surveyed and targeting specific categories* of immigrants/foreigners

* In 2020, the selective items are for Non-professional Employment Visa (E-9) or Student Visa (D-2, D-4-1, D-4-7) holders

COVID-19 Responses
  • Reducing the scope of trainees (from 1,030 individual survey interviewers to 11 branch offices) and actively utilizing video materials for virtual training
  • Expanding the coverage of the translation for the ‘instructions for answering questionnaires’ from 3 to 17 languages in order to promote participation in the self-administered survey

2020 Census

There are 2 censuses operating in 2020 in Korea. One is the Population and Housing Census as of November 1, and the other is the Census of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries as of December 1. As those censuses are planned to be begun at the end of the year, any related scheduling has not been delayed because of the outbreak of COVID-19 at this moment. Scheduling may be adjusted depending at the spread of COVID-19. Statistics Korea will update information if there is any change.

COVID-19 Response Measures for the Population and Housing Census 다운로드